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# Category: Engineering Functions

Excel Engineering Functions perform the most commonly used engineering calculations, many of which relate to Bessel Functions, Complex Numbers or converting between different bases

## BESSELI function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BESSELI function in Excel? BESSELI function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the modified Bessel function, which is equivalent to the Bessel function evaluated for purely imaginary arguments. Syntax of BESSELI function BESSELI(X, N) The BESSELI function syntax has the following arguments: X: The value at which to evaluate the function. N: The order of…

## BESSELJ function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BESSELJ function in Excel? BESSELJ function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the Bessel function. Syntax of BESSELJ function BESSELJ(X, N) The BESSELJ function syntax has the following arguments: X: The value at which to evaluate the function. N: The order of the Bessel function. If n is not an integer, it is truncated. BESSELJ…

## BESSELK function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BESSELK function in Excel? BESSELK function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the modified Bessel function, which is equivalent to the Bessel functions evaluated for purely imaginary arguments. Syntax of BESSELK function BESSELK(X, N) The BESSELK function syntax has the following arguments: X: The value at which to evaluate the function. N: The order of…

## BESSELY function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BESSELY function in Excel? BESSELY function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the Bessel function, which is also called the Weber function or the Neumann function. Syntax of BESSELY function BESSELY(X, N) The BESSELY function syntax has the following arguments: X: The value at which to evaluate the function. N: The order of the function.…

## BIN2DEC function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BIN2DEC function in Excel? BIN2DEC function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts a binary number to decimal. Syntax of BIN2DEC function BIN2DEC(number) The BIN2DEC function syntax has the following arguments: Number: The binary number you want to convert. Number cannot contain more than 10 characters (10 bits). The most significant bit of number is the…

## BIN2HEX function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BIN2HEX function in Excel? BIN2HEX function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts a binary number to hexadecimal. Syntax of BIN2HEX function BIN2HEX(number, [places]) The BIN2HEX function syntax has the following arguments: Number: The binary number you want to convert. Number cannot contain more than 10 characters (10 bits). The most significant bit of number is…

## BIN2OCT function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BIN2OCT function in Excel? BIN2OCT function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts a binary number to octal. Syntax of BIN2OCT function BIN2OCT(number, [places]) The BIN2OCT function syntax has the following arguments: Number: The binary number you want to convert. Number cannot contain more than 10 characters (10 bits). The most significant bit of number is…

## BITAND function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BITAND function in Excel? BITAND function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns a bitwise ‘AND’ of two numbers. Syntax of BITAND function BITAND( number1, number2) The BITAND function syntax has the following arguments. Number1: Must be in decimal form and greater than or equal to 0. Number2: Must be in decimal form and greater than…

## BITLSHIFT function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BITLSHIFT function in Excel? BITLSHIFT function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns a number shifted left by the specified number of bits. Syntax of BITLSHIFT function BITLSHIFT(number, shift_amount) The BITLSHIFT function syntax has the following arguments. Number    Required. Number must be an integer greater than or equal to 0. Shift_amount    Required. Shift_amount must be an…

## BITOR function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BITOR function in Excel? BITOR function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns a bitwise ‘OR’ of two numbers. Syntax of BITOR function BITOR(number1, number2) The BITOR function syntax has the following arguments. Number1: Must be in decimal form and greater than or equal to 0. Number2: Must be in decimal form and greater than or…

## BITRSHIFT function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BITRSHIFT function in Excel? BITRSHIFT function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns a number shifted right by the specified number of bits. Syntax of BITRSHIFT function BITRSHIFT(number, shift_amount) The BITRSHIFT function syntax has the following arguments. Number: Must be an integer greater than or equal to 0. Shift_amount: Must be an integer. BITRSHIFT formula explanation…

## BITXOR function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is BITXOR function in Excel? BITXOR function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns a bitwise ‘XOR’ of two numbers. Syntax of BITXOR function BITXOR(number1, number2) The BITXOR function syntax has the following arguments. Number1: Must be greater than or equal to 0. Number2: Must be greater than or equal to 0. BITXOR formula explanation BITXOR returns a…

## COMPLEX function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is COMPLEX function in Excel? COMPLEX function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number of the form x + yi or x + yj. Syntax of COMPLEX function COMPLEX(real_num, i_num, [suffix]) The COMPLEX function syntax has the following arguments: Real_num: The real coefficient of the complex number. I_num: The imaginary coefficient…

## CONVERT function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is CONVERT function in Excel? CONVERT function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts a number from one measurement system to another. For example, CONVERT can translate a table of distances in miles to a table of distances in kilometers. Syntax of CONVERT function CONVERT(number,from_unit,to_unit) Number     is the value in from_units to convert. From_unit     is the units…

## DEC2BIN function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is DEC2BIN function in Excel? DEC2BIN function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts a decimal number to binary. Syntax of DEC2BIN function DEC2BIN(number, [places]) The DEC2BIN function syntax has the following arguments: Number: The decimal integer you want to convert. If number is negative, valid place values are ignored and DEC2BIN returns a 10-character (10-bit) binary…

## DEC2HEX function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is DEC2HEX function in Excel? DEC2HEX function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts a decimal number to hexadecimal. Syntax of DEC2HEX function DEC2HEX(number, [places]) The DEC2HEX function syntax has the following arguments: Number:  The decimal integer you want to convert. If number is negative, places is ignored and DEC2HEX returns a 10-character (40-bit) hexadecimal number in…

## DEC2OCT function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is DEC2OCT function in Excel? DEC2OCT function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts a decimal number to octal. Syntax of DEC2OCT function DEC2OCT(number, [places]) The DEC2OCT function syntax has the following arguments: Number: The decimal integer you want to convert. If number is negative, places is ignored and DEC2OCT returns a 10-character (30-bit) octal number in…

## DELTA function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is DELTA function in Excel? DELTA function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that tests whether two values are equal. Returns 1 if number1 = number2; returns 0 otherwise. Use this function to filter a set of values. For example, by summing several DELTA functions you calculate the count of equal pairs. This function is also known…

## IMCOSH function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is IMCOSH function in Excel? IMCOSH function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format. Syntax of IMCOSH function IMCOSH(inumber) The IMCOSH function syntax has the following arguments. Inumber: A complex number for which you want the hyperbolic cosine. IMCOSH formula explanation Use COMPLEX to…

## IMCOS function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is IMCOS function in Excel? IMCOS function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the cosine of a complex number in x + yi or x + yj text format. Syntax of IMCOS function IMCOS(inumber) The IMCOS function syntax has the following arguments: Inumber: A complex number for which you want the cosine. IMCOS formula explanation Use…

## IMCONJUGATE function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is IMCONJUGATE function in Excel? IMCONJUGATE function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the complex conjugate of a complex number in x + yi or x + yj text format. Syntax of IMCONJUGATE function IMCONJUGATE(inumber) The IMCONJUGATE function syntax has the following arguments: Inumber: A complex number for which you want the conjugate. IMCONJUGATE formula explanation…

## IMARGUMENT function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is IMARGUMENT function in Excel? IMARGUMENT function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the argument  (theta), an angle expressed in radians, such that: Syntax of IMARGUMENT function IMARGUMENT(inumber) The IMARGUMENT function syntax has the following arguments: Inumber: A complex number for which you want the argument  . IMARGUMENT formula explanation Use COMPLEX to convert real and imaginary coefficients…

## IMAGINARY function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is IMAGINARY function in Excel? IMAGINARY function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number in x + yi or x + yj text format. Syntax of IMAGINARY function IMAGINARY(inumber) The IMAGINARY function syntax has the following arguments: Inumber: A complex number for which you want the imaginary coefficient. IMAGINARY formula…

## IMABS function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is IMABS function in Excel? IMABS function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number in x + yi or x + yj text format. Syntax of IMABS function IMABS(inumber) The IMABS function syntax has the following arguments: Inumber: A complex number for which you want the absolute value. IMABS…

## HEX2DEC function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is HEX2DEC function in Excel? HEX2DEC function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts a hexadecimal number to decimal. Syntax of HEX2DEC function HEX2DEC(number) The HEX2DEC function syntax has the following arguments: Number: The hexadecimal number you want to convert. Number cannot contain more than 10 characters (40 bits). The most significant bit of number is the sign…

## HEX2BIN function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is HEX2BIN function in Excel? HEX2BIN function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts a hexadecimal number to binary. Syntax of HEX2BIN function HEX2BIN(number, [places]) The HEX2BIN function syntax has the following arguments: Number    Required. The hexadecimal number you want to convert. Number cannot contain more than 10 characters. The most significant bit of number is the sign…

## GESTEP function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is GESTEP function in Excel? GESTEP function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns 1 if number ≥ step; returns 0 (zero) otherwise. Use this function to filter a set of values. For example, by summing several GESTEP functions you calculate the count of values that exceed a threshold. Syntax of GESTEP function GESTEP(number, [step]) The GESTEP…

## ERFC.PRECISE function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is ERFC.PRECISE function in Excel? ERFC.PRECISE function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity. Syntax of ERFC.PRECISE function ERFC.PRECISE(x) The ERFC.PRECISE function syntax has the following arguments: X: The lower bound for integrating ERFC.PRECISE. ERFC.PRECISE formula explanation If x is nonnumeric, ERFC.PRECISE returns the #VALUE! error value. Example of ERFC.PRECISE…

## HEX2OCT function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is HEX2OCT function in Excel? HEX2OCT function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts a hexadecimal number to octal. Syntax of HEX2OCT function HEX2OCT(number, [places]) The HEX2OCT function syntax has the following arguments: Number: The hexadecimal number you want to convert. Number cannot contain more than 10 characters. The most significant bit of number is the sign bit.…

## ERFC function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is ERFC function in Excel? ERFC function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity. Syntax of ERFC function ERFC(x) The ERFC function syntax has the following arguments: X: The lower bound for integrating ERFC. ERFC formula explanation If x is nonnumeric, ERFC returns the #VALUE! error value. Example of ERFC…

## ERF.PRECISE function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is ERF.PRECISE function in Excel? IMCOT function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the error function. Syntax of ERF.PRECISE function ERF.PRECISE(x) The ERF.PRECISE function syntax has the following argument: X:  The lower bound for integrating ERF.PRECISE. ERF.PRECISE formula expalantion If lower_limit is nonnumeric, ERF.PRECISE returns the #VALUE! error value. Example of ERF.PRECISE function Steps to follow: 1. Open…

## ERF function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is ERF function in Excel? ERF function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the error function integrated between lower_limit and upper_limit. Syntax of ERF function ERF(lower_limit,[upper_limit]) The ERF function syntax has the following arguments: Lower_limit: The lower bound for integrating ERF. Upper_limit(Optional): The upper bound for integrating ERF. If omitted, ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit. ERF…

## OCT2HEX function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is OCT2HEX function in Excel? OCT2HEX function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts an octal number to hexadecimal. Syntax of OCT2HEX function OCT2HEX(number, [places]) The OCT2HEX function syntax has the following arguments: Number: The octal number you want to convert. Number may not contain more than 10 octal characters (30 bits). The most significant bit of number…

## OCT2DEC function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is OCT2DEC function in Excel? OCT2DEC function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts an octal number to decimal. Syntax of OCT2DEC function OCT2DEC(number) The OCT2DEC function syntax has the following arguments: Number: The octal number you want to convert. Number may not contain more than 10 octal characters (30 bits). The most significant bit of number is the…

## OCT2BIN function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is OCT2BIN function in Excel? OCT2BIN function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that converts an octal number to binary. Syntax of OCT2BIN function OCT2BIN(number, [places]) The OCT2BIN function syntax has the following arguments: Number:  The octal number you want to convert. Number may not contain more than 10 characters. The most significant bit of number is the sign…

## IMTAN function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is IMTAN function in Excel? IMTAN function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the tangent of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format. Syntax of IMTAN function IMTAN(inumber) The IMTAN function syntax has the following arguments. Inumber:  A complex number for which you want the tangent. IMTAN formula explanation Use COMPLEX to convert real…

## IMSUM function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is IMSUM function in Excel? IMSUM function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the sum of two or more complex numbers in x + yi or x + yj text format. Syntax of IMSUM function IMSUM(inumber1, [inumber2], …) The IMSUM function syntax has the following arguments: Inumber1, [inumber2], …    Inumber1 is required, subsequent numbers are not. 1…

## IMSUB function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is IMSUB function in Excel?IMSUB function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the difference of two complex numbers in x + yi or x + yj text format. Syntax of IMSUB function IMSUB(inumber1, inumber2) The IMSUB function syntax has the following arguments: Inumber1: The complex number from which to subtract inumber2. Inumber2: The complex number to subtract from…

## IMSQRT function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is IMSQRT function in Excel? IMSQRT function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the square root of a complex number in x + yi or x + yj text format. Syntax of IMSQRT function IMSQRT(inumber) The IMSQRT function syntax has the following arguments: Inumber:  A complex number for which you want the square root. IMSQRT formula explanation…

## IMSINH function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is IMSINH function in Excel?IMSINH function is one of Engineering functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format. Syntax of IMSINH function IMSINH(inumber) The IMSINH function syntax has the following arguments. Inumber:  A complex number for which you want the hyperbolic sine. IMSINH formula explanation Use COMPLEX to convert real…