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Tag: MID function

MID, MIDB functions: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What are MID, MIDB functions in Excel? MID, MIDB functions are  TEXT functions in Microsoft Excel. MID returns a specific number of characters from a text string, starting at the position you specify, based on the number of characters you specify. While, MIDB returns a specific number of characters from a text string, starting at the position you specify, based on…

Convert feet and inches to inches in Excel

To convert a measurement in feet and inches to inches only (i.e. 4’5″ to 53) you can use a formula based on several functions, including LEFT, FIND, MID, and SUBSTITUTE. See illustration below: Formula =LEFT(B5,FIND(“‘”,B5)-1)*12+SUBSTITUTE (MID(B5,FIND(“‘”,B5)+1,LEN(B5)),””””,””) Explanation In the example shown, the formula in D5 is: =LEFT(B5,FIND(“‘”,B5)-1)*12+SUBSTITUTE (MID(B5,FIND(“‘”,B5)+1,LEN(B5)),””””,””) How this formula works In the first part of the formula, feet are…

Basic outline numbering in Excel

This tutorial shows how to create 1st and 2nd level outline formatting using excel formulas. To generate basic outline numbering you can use COUNTA, MID, FIND, IF, and LEN functions. Note: The formula used will only handle a 2-level outline. Explanation In the example shown, the formula in D5 is: =COUNTA($B$5:B5)&”.”&IF(B5<>””,1, MID(D4,FIND(“.”,D4)+1,LEN(D4))+1) How this formula works At the core, this formula builds…

How to strip html from text or numbers in Excel

To strip html or other markup from values in cells, you can use the MID function. Formula =MID(text,start,LEN(text)-markup_len) Explanation In the example shown, the formula in C5 is: =MID(B5,4,LEN(B5)-7) How this formula works The MID function returns characters using a fixed starting point and ending point. In this case, the markup consists of the html bold tag, which appears at…

How to strip non-numeric characters in Excel

To remove non-numeric characters from a text string, you can try this experimental formula based on the TEXTJOIN function, new in Excel 2016. Formula {=TEXTJOIN(“”,TRUE,IFERROR(MID(A1,ROW (INDIRECT(“1:100″)),1)+0,””))} Note: TEXTJOIN will return the numbers as text, for example “100,”500″, etc. If you want a true numeric result, add zero, or wrap the entire formula in the VALUE function. TEXTJOIN was added in Excel 2016 + Office…

How to strip numeric characters from cell in Excel

To remove numeric characters from a text string, you can try this experimental formula based on the TEXTJOIN function, new in Excel 2016. Formula {=TEXTJOIN(“”,TRUE,IF(ISERR(MID(A1, ROW(INDIRECT(“1:100”)),1)+0), MID(A1,ROW(INDIRECT(“1:100″)),1),””))} Explanation In the example shown, the formula in C5 is: =TEXTJOIN(“”,TRUE,IF(ISERR(MID(B5, ROW(INDIRECT(“1:100”)),1)+0), MID(B5,ROW(INDIRECT(“1:100″)),1),””)) Note: this is an array formula and must be entered with control + shift + enter. How this formula works…

How to translate letters to numbers in Excel

To translate letters in a string to numbers, you can use an array formula based on the TEXTJOIN and VLOOKUP functions, with a defined translation table to provide the necessary lookups. Formula {=TEXTJOIN(“”,1,VLOOKUP(T(IF(1,MID(A1,ROW (INDIRECT(“1:”&LEN(A1))),1))),xtable,2,0))} Explanation In the example shown, the formula in C5 is: {=TEXTJOIN(“”,1,VLOOKUP(T(IF(1,MID(B5,ROW (INDIRECT(“1:”&LEN(B5))),1))),xtable,2,0))} where “xtable” is the named range E5:F10. Note: this is an array formula and must be entered with…

How to retrieve workbook name only in Excel

If you want to get the workbook name only (i.e. the file name without path or sheet name) you can do so with a rather long formula that uses the MID function along with the FIND function. Formula =MID(CELL(“filename”,A1),FIND(“[“,CELL (“filename”,A1))+1,FIND(“]”,CELL(“filename”,A1)) -FIND(“[“,CELL(“filename”,A1))-1) Explanation How the formula works The cell function is used to get the full file name and path: CELL(“filename”,A1)…

How to strip protocol and trailing slash from URL in Excel

To remove the protocol (i.e. http://, ftp://, etc.) and trailing slash from a URL, you can use a formula based on the MID, FIND, and LEN functions. Formula =MID(url,FIND(“//”,url)+2,LEN(url)-FIND(“//”,url)-1-(RIGHT(url)=”/”)) Explanation In the example shown, the formula in C5 is: =MID(B4,FIND(“//”,B4)+2,LEN(B4)-FIND(“//”,B4)-1-(RIGHT(B4)=”/”)) How this formula works The core of this formula is the MID function, which extracts the text in a URL…

Split dimensions into three parts in Excel

To split dimensions that like 100x50x25 into three separate parts, you can use some rather complicated formulas that use LEFT, MID, RIGHT, FIND, LEN, and SUBSTITUTE. Note: you can also use Flash Fill in Excel 2013 and above, and the “text to columns” feature in older versions of Excel. Both approaches are quite a bit simpler than the formulas described…

How to extract text between parentheses in Excel

To extract text between parentheses, braces, brackets, etc. you can use a formula based on the MID function, with help from SEARCH function. Formula =MID(text,SEARCH(“(“,text)+1,SEARCH(“)”, text)-SEARCH(“(“,text)-1) Explanation In the example shown, the formula in C5 is: =MID(B5,SEARCH(“(“,B5)+1,SEARCH (“)”,B5)-SEARCH(“(“,B5)-1)+0 How this formula works The foundation of this formula is the MID function, which extracts a specific number of characters from text,…

How to extract word containing specific text in Excel

To extract a word that contains specific text,you can use a formula based on several functions, including TRIM, LEFT, SUBSTITUTE, MID, MAX, and REPT. You can use this formula to extract things like email addresses, or other substrings with a unique id. Formula =TRIM(MID(SUBSTITUTE(A1,” “,REPT(” “,99)), MAX(1,FIND(“@”,SUBSTITUTE (A1,” “,REPT(” “,99)))-50),99)) Explanation In the example shown, the formula in C5 is:…

Extract word that begins with specific character in Excel

To extract words that begin with a specific character, you can use a formula based on six functions: TRIM, LEFT, SUBSTITUTE, MID, LEN, and REPT. This approach is useful if you need to extract things like a Twitter user name from a cell that contains other text. Formula =TRIM(LEFT(SUBSTITUTE(MID(text,FIND(“@”, txt),LEN(text)),” “,REPT(” “,100)),100)) Note: 100 represents the longest word you expect to find…

How to extract substring in Excel

To extract a substring with an Excel formula, you can use the MID function. Note: In this example, we are calculating the end position in order to extract a substring with a literal start and end position. However, if you know the number of characters to extract, you can just plug in that number directly.  Formula =MID(A1,start,end-start+1) Explanation In the example…

How to extract nth word from text string in excel

If you need to get the nth word in a text string (i.e. a sentence, phrase, or paragraph) you can so with a clever (and intimidating) formula that combines 5 Excel functions: MID, SUBSTITUTE, TRIM,  REPT, and LEN.  Formula =TRIM(MID(SUBSTITUTE(A1,” “,REPT(” “,LEN(A1))), (N-1)*LEN(A1)+1, LEN(A1))) Explanation How this formula works At the core, this formula takes a text string with spaces,…

How to extract multiple lines from a cell in Excel

To extract lines from a multi-line cell, you can use  a clever (and intimidating) formula that combines 5 Excel functions: SUBSTITUTE, REPT, TRIM, MID,  and LEN. Formula =TRIM(MID(SUBSTITUTE(A1,delim,REPT (” “,LEN(A1))), (N-1)*LEN(A1)+1, LEN(A1))) Explanation In the example shown, the formula in D5 is: =TRIM(MID(SUBSTITUTE($C5,CHAR(10),REPT (” “,LEN($C5))), (D$4-1)*LEN($C5)+1, LEN($C5))) How this formula works At the core, this formula looks for a line delimiter…

How to extract last two words from text string in Excel

To extract the last two words from a cell, you can use a formula built with several Excel functions, including MID, FIND, SUBSTITUTE, and LEN. Formula =MID(A1,FIND(“@”,SUBSTITUTE(A1,” “,”@”,LEN(A1)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(A1,” “,””))-1))+1,100) Explanation In the example shown, the formula in C5 is: =MID(B5,FIND(“@”,SUBSTITUTE(B5,” “,”@”,LEN(B5)-LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B5,” “,””))-1))+1,100) How this formula works At the core, this formula uses the MID function to extract characters starting at the second…

Get work hours between dates custom schedule in Excel

To calculate work hours between two dates with a custom schedule, you can use a formula based on the WEEKDAY and SUMPRODUCT functions, with help from ROW, INDIRECT, and MID. Formula =SUMPRODUCT(MID(schedule,WEEKDAY (ROW(INDIRECT(start&”:”&end))),1)*ISNA (MATCH(ROW(INDIRECT(start&”:”&end)),holidays,0))) Explanation In the example shown, the formula in F8 is: =SUMPRODUCT(MID(D6,WEEKDAY(ROW (INDIRECT(B6&”:”&C6))),1)*ISNA(MATCH (ROW(INDIRECT(B6&”:”&C6)),holidays,0))) Which returns 36 hours, based on a custom schedule where 8 hours are…

How to Capitalize first letter in a sentence in Excel

This tutorial shows how to capitalize first letter in Excel. In Microsoft office word it is called sentence case, in Excel to capitalize the first letter in a word or string, you can use a formula based on the LEFT, MID, and LEN functions. Formula =UPPER(LEFT(A1))&MID(A1,2,LEN(A1)) Explanation  In the example shown, the formula in C5 is: =UPPER(LEFT(B5))&MID(B5,2,LEN(B5)) How this formula works…

How to abbreviate names or words in Excel

To abbreviate text that contains capital letters, you can try this array formula based on the TEXTJOIN function, which is new in Excel 2016. You can use this approach to create initials from names, or to create acronyms. Only capital letters will survive this formula, so the source text must include capitalized words. You can use the PROPER function to capitalize words…

How to convert text string to array in Excel

To convert a string to an array that contains one item for each letter, you can use an array formula based on the MID, ROW, LEN and INDIRECT functions. This can sometimes be useful inside other formulas that manipulate text at the character level.  Formula {=MID(string,ROW(INDIRECT(“1:”&LEN(string))),1)} Note: this is an array formula and must be entered with control + shift…

Convert text to numbers using VALUE function in Excel

To convert simple text values to numbers, you can use the the VALUE function, or simply add zero as described below. Formula =VALUE(A1) Explanation In the example shown, the formula in C5 is: =VALUE(B5) Background Sometimes Excel ends up with text in a cell, when you really want a number. There are many reasons this might happen, and many ways…

Convert date string to date time in Excel

This tutorial shows how to Convert date string to date time in Excel using example below. To convert a date string to a datetime (date with time) you can parse the text into separate components then build a proper datetime. When date information from other systems is pasted or imported to Excel, it may not be recognized as a proper…

Convert text date dd/mm/yy to mm/dd/yy in Excel

This tutorial shows how to Convert text date dd/mm/yy to mm/dd/yy in Excel using example below. To convert dates in text format dd/mm/yy to a true date in mm/dd/yy format, you can use uses a formula based on the DATE function. Formula =DATE(RIGHT(A1,2)+2000,MID(A1,4,2),LEFT(A1,2)) Explanation In the example shown, the formula in C5 is: =DATE(RIGHT(B5,2)+2000,MID(B5,4,2),LEFT(B5,2)) Which converts the text value in…

Convert text to date in Excel

This tutorial show how to Convert text to date in Excel using the example below. To convert text in an unrecognized date format to a proper Excel date, you can parse the text and assemble a proper date with a formula based on several functions: DATE, LEFT, MID, and RIGHT. Note: Before you go the formula route, see below for other ways you…

Convert text timestamp into time in Excel

This tutorial show how to Convert text timestamp into time in Excel using the example below. Top convert a timestamp entered as text into a proper Excel time, you can use the MID function to extract components and the TIME function to assemble the time. Formula =TIME(MID(A1,1,2),MID(A1,4,2),MID(A1,7,2)) Explanation of how this formula works In the example shown, the formula in F5…

Excel Data validation specific characters only

Set criteria to accept specific characters only To use data validation to allow a list of specific characters only, you can use a rather complicated array formula based on the COUNT, MATCH, and LEN functions. Formula =COUNT(MATCH(MID(A1,ROW(INDIRECT (“1:”&LEN(A1))),1),allowed&””,0))=LEN(A1) Explanation In the example shown, data validation is applied with this formula: =COUNT(MATCH(MID(B5,ROW(INDIRECT (“1:”&LEN(B5))),1),allowed&””,0))=LEN(B5) where “allowed” is the named range D5:D11. How this formula…

Highlight numbers that include symbols in Excel

This tutorial shows how to Highlight numbers that include symbols in Excel using the example below; Formula =IF(ISNUMBER(B4),B4<input,IF(LEFT(B4)=”<“,(MID(B4,2,LEN(B4))+0)<input)) Explanation To highlight numbers less than a certain value, including numbers entered as text like “<9”, “<10”, etc., you can use conditional formatting with a formula strips the symbols as needed and handles the result as a number. In the example shown,…

Count numbers third digit equals 3 in Excel

This tutorial shows how to Count numbers third digit equals 3 in Excel using the example below; Formula =SUMPRODUCT(–(MID(range,3,1)=”3″)) Explanation To count numbers where the third digit equals 3, you can use a formula based on the SUMPRODUCT and MID functions. In the example shown, the formula in E5 is: =SUMPRODUCT(–(MID(B5:B12,3,1)=”3″)) How this formula works To get the third character…

How to Separate Text Strings in Excel

This example teaches you how to separate strings in Excel. Asides from using ‘Convert Text to Columns Wizard’ in data tab, you can as well follow the steps below to Separate Text Strings in Excel . The problem we are dealing with is that we need to tell Excel where we want to separate the string. In case of Smith, Mike the comma is…

Manipulating text strings using Left, Mid, Right, Len, Substitute in Excel

Excel has many functions to offer when it comes to manipulating text strings. Formula tab → Function Library Group → Text Function N/B: Every formula in excel must begin with an equal sign, function then in bracket; cell name/cell ranges/cell references. Syntax: =fx(cell name/cell ranges/cell references) Example: = Sum( A1:B4) Where Sum is the function name and A1:B4 is the cell ranges. Visit: Cell References:…