F.TEST function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is F.TEST function in Excel?

F.TEST function is one of Statistical functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the result of an F-test, the two-tailed probability that the variances in array1 and array2 are not significantly different.
Use this function to determine whether two samples have different variances. For example, given test scores from public and private schools, you can test whether these schools have different levels of test score diversity.

Syntax of F.TEST function


The F.TEST function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Array1     Required. The first array or range of data.
  • Array2     Required. The second array or range of data.

F.TEST formula explanation

  • The arguments must be either numbers or names, arrays, or references that contain numbers.
  • If an array or reference argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells, those values are ignored; however, cells with the value zero are included.
  • If the number of data points in array1 or array2 is less than 2, or if the variance of array1 or array2 is zero, F.TEST returns the #DIV/0! error value.

Example of F.TEST function

Steps to follow:

1. Open a new Excel worksheet.

2. Copy data in the following table below and paste it in cell A1

Note: For formulas to show results, select them, press F2 key on your keyboard and then press Enter.

You can adjust the column widths to see all the data, if need be.

Data1 Data2
6 20
7 28
9 31
15 38
21 40
Formula Description Result
=F.TEST(A2:A6,B2:B6) F-test for the data sets in A2:A6 and B2:B6. 0.64831785

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