# STDEVPA function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

## What is STDEVPA function in Excel?

STDEVPA function is one of Statistical functions in Microsoft Excel that calculates standard deviation based on the entire population given as arguments, including text and logical values. The standard deviation is a measure of how widely values are dispersed from the average value (the mean).

## Syntax of STDEVPA function

STDEVPA(value1, [value2], …)

The STDEVPA function syntax has the following arguments:

• Value1, value2, …    Value1 is required, subsequent values are optional. 1 to 255 values corresponding to a population. You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas.

## Explanation of STDEVPA function

• STDEVPA assumes that its arguments are the entire population. If your data represents a sample of the population, you must compute the standard deviation by using STDEVA.
• For large sample sizes, STDEVA and STDEVPA return approximately equal values.
• The standard deviation is calculated using the “n” method.
• Arguments can be the following: numbers; names, arrays, or references that contain numbers; text representations of numbers; or logical values, such as TRUE and FALSE, in a reference.
• Text representations of numbers that you type directly into the list of arguments are counted.
• Arguments that contain TRUE evaluate as 1; arguments that contain text or FALSE evaluate as 0 (zero).
• If an argument is an array or reference, only values in that array or reference are used. Empty cells and text values in the array or reference are ignored.
• Arguments that are error values or text that cannot be translated into numbers cause errors.
• If you do not want to include logical values and text representations of numbers in a reference as part of the calculation, use the STDEVP function.
• STDEVPA uses the following formula: where x is the sample mean AVERAGE(value1,value2,…) and n is the sample size.

## Example of STDEVPA function

Steps to follow:

1. Open a new Excel worksheet.

2. Copy data in the following table below and paste it in cell A1

Note: For formulas to show results, select them, press F2 key on your keyboard and then press Enter.

You can adjust the column widths to see all the data, if need be.

 Data Strength 1345 1301 1368 1322 1310 1370 1318 1350 1303 1299 Formula Description (Result) Result =STDEVPA(A3:A12) Standard deviation of breaking strength, assuming only 10 tools are produced (26.05455814) 26.05456