# XOR function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

## What is XOR function in Excel?

XOR function is one of the Logical functions in Microsoft Excel that returns a logical Exclusive Or of all arguments.

## Syntax of XOR function

XOR(logical1, [logical2],…)

The XOR function syntax has the following arguments.

- Logical1, logical2,… Logical 1 is required, subsequent logical values are optional. 1 to 254 conditions you want to test that can be either TRUE or FALSE, and can be logical values, arrays, or references.

## XOR formula explanation

- The arguments must evaluate to logical values such as TRUE or FALSE, or in arrays or references that contain logical values.
- If an array or reference argument contains text or empty cells, those values are ignored.
- If the specified range contains no logical values, XOR returns the #VALUE! error value.
- You can use an XOR array formula to see if a value occurs in an array. To enter an array formula, press Ctrl+Shift+Enter.
- The result of XOR is TRUE when the number of TRUE inputs is odd and FALSE when the number of TRUE inputs is even.

## Example

Steps to follow:

1. Open a new Excel worksheet.

2. Copy data in the following table below and paste it in cell A1

Note: For formulas to show results, select them, press F2 key on your keyboard and then press Enter.

You can adjust the column widths to see all the data, if need be.

Formula |
Description |
Result |

=XOR(3>0,2<9) | Because one of the two tests evaluates to True, TRUE is returned. | TRUE |

=XOR(3>12,4>6) | Because all test results evaluate to False, FALSE is returned. At least one of the test results must evaluate to True to return TRUE. | FALSE |

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