Excel Office

Excel How Tos, Tutorials, Tips & Tricks, Shortcuts

ROUND function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is ROUND function in Excel?

ROUND function is one of the Math and Trig functions in Microsoft Excel that rounds a number to a specified number of digits. For example, if cell A1 contains 23.7825, and you want to round that value to two decimal places, you can use the following formula:

=ROUND(A1, 2)

The result of this function is 23.78.

Syntax of ROUND function

ROUND(number, num_digits)

The ROUND function syntax has the following arguments:

  • number: The number that you want to round.
  • num_digits: The number of digits to which you want to round the number argument.
Worked Example:   Excel Round a number Example

ROUND formula explanation

  • If num_digits is greater than 0 (zero), then number is rounded to the specified number of decimal places.
  • If num_digits is 0, the number is rounded to the nearest integer.
  • If num_digits is less than 0, the number is rounded to the left of the decimal point.
  • To always round up (away from zero), use the ROUNDUP function.
  • To always round down (toward zero), use the ROUNDDOWN function.
  • To round a number to a specific multiple (for example, to round to the nearest 0.5), use the MROUNDfunction.
Worked Example:   Round to nearest 1000 in Excel

Example of ROUND function

Steps to follow:

1. Open a new Excel worksheet.

2. Copy data in the following table below and paste it in cell A1

Note: For formulas to show results, select them, press F2 key on your keyboard and then press Enter.

You can adjust the column widths to see all the data, if need be.

Worked Example:   Round a number to n significant digits in Excel
Formula Description Result
=ROUND(2.15, 1) Rounds 2.15 to one decimal place 2.2
=ROUND(2.149, 1) Rounds 2.149 to one decimal place 2.1
=ROUND(-1.475, 2) Rounds -1.475 to two decimal places -1.48
=ROUND(21.5, -1) Rounds 21.5 to one decimal place to the left of the decimal point 20
=ROUND(626.3,-3) Rounds 626.3 to the nearest multiple of 1000 1000
=ROUND(1.98,-1) Rounds 1.98 to the nearest multiple of 10
=ROUND(-50.55,-2) Rounds -50.55 to the nearest multiple of 100 -100

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *