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MONTH function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is MONTH function in Excel?

MONTH function is one of Date and Time functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the month of a date represented by a serial number. The month is given as an integer, ranging from 1 (January) to 12 (December).

Syntax of MONTH function


The MONTH function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Serial_number    Required. The date of the month you are trying to find. Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other formulas or functions. For example, use DATE(2008,5,23) for the 23rd day of May, 2008. Problems can occur if dates are entered as text.
Worked Example:   Steps to create Dynamic calendar grid in Excel

MONTH formula explanation

Microsoft Excel stores dates as sequential serial numbers so they can be used in calculations. By default, January 1, 1900 is serial number 1, and January 1, 2008 is serial number 39448 because it is 39,448 days after January 1, 1900.

Worked Example:   Display Date is same month in Excel

Values returned by the YEAR, MONTH and DAY functions will be Gregorian values regardless of the display format for the supplied date value. For example, if the display format of the supplied date is Hijri, the returned values for the YEAR, MONTH and DAY functions will be values associated with the equivalent Gregorian date.

Example of MONTH function

Steps to follow:

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1. Open a new Excel worksheet.

2. Copy data in the following table below and paste it in cell A1

Note: For formulas to show results, select them, press F2 key on your keyboard and then press Enter.

You can adjust the column widths to see all the data, if need be.

Formula Description Result
=MONTH(A2) Month of the date in cell A2 4

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