# SHEETS function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

## What is SHEETS function in Excel?

SHEETS function is one of the Information functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the number of sheets in a reference.

## Syntax of SHEETS function

SHEETS(reference)

The SHEETS function syntax has the following arguments.

**Reference (Optional):**Reference is a reference for which you want to know the number of sheets it contains. If Reference is omitted, SHEETS returns the number of sheets in the workbook that contains the function.

## SHEETS formula explanation

- SHEETS includes all worksheets (visible, hidden, or very hidden) in addition to all other sheet types (macro, chart, or dialog sheets).
- If reference is not a valid value, SHEETS returns the #REF! error value.
- SHEETS is not available in the Object Model (OM) because the Object Model already includes similar functionality.

## Example of SHEETS function

Steps to follow:

1. Open a new Excel worksheet.

2. Copy data in the following table below and paste it in cell A1

Note: For formulas to show results, select them, press F2 key on your keyboard and then press Enter.

You can adjust the column widths to see all the data, if need be.

Formula |
Description |
Result |

=SHEETS() | Because there is no Reference argument specified, the total number of sheets in the workbook is returned (3). | 3 |

=SHEETS(My3DRef) | Returns the number of sheets in a 3D reference with the defined name My3DRef, which includes Sheet2 and Sheet3 (2). | 2 |