SEARCH, SEARCHB functions: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation
What are SEARCH, SEARCHB functions in Excel?
SEARCH, SEARCHB functions are TEXT functions in Microsoft Excel that locate one text string within a second text string, and return the number of the starting position of the first text string from the first character of the second text string.
Syntax of SEARCH, SEARCHB functions
The SEARCH and SEARCHB functions have the following arguments:
- find_text: The text that you want to find.
- within_text: The text in which you want to search for the value of the find_text argument.
- start_num(Optional): The character number in the within_text argument at which you want to start searching.
SEARCH, SEARCHB formulas explanation
- The SEARCH and SEARCHB functions are not case sensitive. If you want to do a case sensitive search, you can use FIND and FINDB.
- You can use the wildcard characters — the question mark (?) and asterisk (*) — in the find_text argument. A question mark matches any single character; an asterisk matches any sequence of characters. If you want to find an actual question mark or asterisk, type a tilde (~) before the character.
- If the value of find_text is not found, the #VALUE! error value is returned.
- If the start_num argument is omitted, it is assumed to be 1.
- If start_num is not greater than 0 (zero) or is greater than the length of the within_text argument, the #VALUE! error value is returned.
- Use start_num to skip a specified number of characters. Using the SEARCH function as an example, suppose you are working with the text string “AYF0093.YoungMensApparel”. To find the position of the first “Y” in the descriptive part of the text string, set start_num equal to 8 so that the serial number portion of the text (in this case, “AYF0093”) is not searched. The SEARCH function starts the search operation at the eighth character position, finds the character that is specified in the find_text argument at the next position, and returns the number 9. The SEARCH function always returns the number of characters from the start of the within_text argument, counting the characters you skip if the start_numargument is greater than 1.
You can also search for words within other words. For example, the function
returns 5, because the word “base” begins at the fifth character of the word “database”. You can use the SEARCH and SEARCHB functions to determine the location of a character or text string within another text string, and then use the MID and MIDB functions to return the text, or use the REPLACE and REPLACEBfunctions to change the text. These functions are demonstrated in Example 1 in this article.
- These functions may not be available in all languages.
- SEARCHB counts 2 bytes per character only when a DBCS language is set as the default language. Otherwise SEARCHB behaves the same as SEARCH, counting 1 byte per character.
The languages that support DBCS include Japanese, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), and Korean.
Steps to follow:
1. Open a new Excel worksheet.
2. Copy data in the following table below and paste it in cell A1
Note: For formulas to show results, select them, press F2 key on your keyboard and then press Enter.
You can adjust the column widths to see all the data, if need be.
|The “boss” is here.|
|=SEARCH(“e”,A2,6)||Position of the first “e” in the string in cell A2, starting at the sixth position.||7|
|=SEARCH(A4,A3)||Position of “margin” (string for which to search is cell A4) in “Profit Margin” (cell in which to search is A3).||8|
|=REPLACE(A3,SEARCH(A4,A3),6,”Amount”)||Replaces “Margin” with “Amount” by first searching for the position of “Margin” in cell A3, and then replacing that character and the next five characters with the string “Amount.”||Profit Amount|
|=MID(A3,SEARCH(” “,A3)+1,4)||Returns the first four characters that follow the first space character in “Profit Margin” (cell A3).||Marg|
|=SEARCH(“”””,A5)||Position of the first double quotation mark (“) in cell A5.||5|
|=MID(A5,SEARCH(“”””,A5)+1,SEARCH(“”””,A5,SEARCH(“”””,A5)+1)-SEARCH(“”””,A5)-1)||Returns only the text enclosed in the double quotation marks in cell A5.||boss|