QUOTIENT function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

What is QUOTIENT function in Excel?

QUOTIENT function is one of the Math and Trig functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the integer portion of a division. Use this function when you want to discard the remainder of a division.

Tip: If you want to divide numeric values, you should use the “/” operator as there isn’t a DIVIDE function in Excel. For example, to divide 5 by 2, you would type =5/2 into a cell, which returns 2.5. The QUOTIENT function for these same numbers =QUOTIENT(5,2) returns 2, since QUOTIENT doesn’t return a remainder.

Syntax of QUOTIENT function

QUOTIENT(numerator, denominator)

The QUOTIENT function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Numerator: The dividend.
  • Denominator: The divisor.

QUOTIENT formula explanation

If either argument is nonnumeric, QUOTIENT returns the #VALUE! error value.

Example of QUOTIENT function

Steps to follow:

1. Open a new Excel worksheet.

2. Copy data in the following table below and paste it in cell A1

Note: For formulas to show results, select them, press F2 key on your keyboard and then press Enter.

You can adjust the column widths to see all the data, if need be.

Formula Description Result
=QUOTIENT(5, 2) Integer portion of 5/2 2
=QUOTIENT(4.5, 3.1) Integer portion of 4.5/3.1 1
=QUOTIENT(-10, 3) Integer portion of -10/3 -3

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