# CUBESET function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

## What is CUBESET function in Excel?

CUBESET function is one of Cube functions that defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Excel.

## Syntax of CUBESET function

CUBESET(connection, set_expression, , [sort_order], [sort_by])

The CUBESET function syntax has the following arguments:

**Connection:**A text string of the name of the connection to the cube.**Set_expression:**A text string of a set expression that results in a set of members or tuples. Set_expression can also be a cell reference to an Excel range that contains one or more members, tuples, or sets included in the set.**Caption(Optional):**A text string that is displayed in the cell instead of the caption, if one is defined, from the cube.**Sort_order (Optional):**The type of sort, if any, to perform and can be one of the following:

Integer |
Enumerated constant |
Description |
Sort_by argument |

0 | SortNone | Leaves the set in existing order. | Ignored |

1 | SortAscending | Sorts set in ascending order by sort_by. | Required |

2 | SortDescending | Sorts set in descending order by sort_by. | Required |

3 | SortAlphaAscending | Sorts set in alpha ascending order. | Ignored |

4 | Sort_Alpha_Descending | Sorts set in alpha descending order. | Ignored |

5 | Sort_Natural_Ascending | Sorts set in natural ascending order. | Ignored |

6 | Sort_Natural_Descending | Sorts set in natural descending order. | Ignored |

- The default value is 0. An alpha sort for a set of tuples sorts on the last element in each tuple. For more information on these different sort orders, see the Microsoft Office SQL Analysis Services help system.
- Sort_by Optional. A text string of the value by which to sort. For example, to get the city with the highest sales, set_expression would be a set of cities, and sort_by would be the sales measure. Or, to get the city with the highest population, set_expression would be a set of cities, and sort_by would be the population measure. If sort_order requires sort_by, and sort_by is omitted, CUBESET returns the #VALUE! error message.

## Explanation of CUBESET function

- When the CUBESET function evaluates, it temporarily displays a “#GETTING_DATA…” message in the cell before all of the data is retrieved.
- If the connection name is not a valid workbook connection stored in the workbook, CUBESET returns a #NAME? error value. If the Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) server is not running, not available, or returns an error message, CUBESET returns a #NAME? error value.
- If the set_expression syntax is incorrect or the set contains at least one member with a different dimension than the other members, CUBESET returns a #N/A error value.
- If set_expression is longer than 255 characters, which is the limit for an argument to a function, CUBESET returns a #VALUE! error value. To use text strings longer than 255 characters, enter the text string in a cell (for which the limit is 32,767 characters), and then use a cell reference as the argument.
- CUBESET may return a #N/A error value if you reference a session-based object, such as a calculated member or named set, in a PivotTable when sharing a connection, and that PivotTable is deleted or you convert the PivotTable to formulas. (On the Options tab, in the Tools group, click OLAP Tools, and then click Convert to Formulas.)

## Examples of CUBESET function

=CUBESET(“Finance”,”Order([Product].[Product].[Product Category].Members,[Measures].[Unit Sales],ASC)”,”Products”)

=CUBESET(“Sales”,”[Product].[All Products].Children”,”Products”,1,”[Measures].[Sales Amount]”)