## Excel Office

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# Smaller of two values in Excel

This tutorial shows how to calculate Smaller of two values in Excel using the example below;

To get the smaller, or lesser, of two values, you can use the MIN function.

## Formula

`=MIN(value1,value2)` ## Explanation

In the example shown, the formula in D5 is:

`=MIN(B5,C5)`

### How this formula works

The MIN function is fully automatic – it returns the smallest value in the numbers provided. In this case, we give MIN function two values:

`=MIN(B5,C5)`

and MIN returns the smaller value.

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### Elegant alternative to IF

The MIN function can be a compact and elegant replacement for the IF function. For example, the formula above can be written with IF like so:

`=IF(B5<=C5,B5,C5)`

However, the MIN version is 6 characters shorter (11 vs. 17), and contains no redundant references, so it is less prone to errors.

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