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# AVERAGE function: Description, Usage, Syntax, Examples and Explanation

## What is AVERAGE function in Excel?

MODE.SNGL function is one of Statistical functions in Microsoft Excel that returns the average (arithmetic mean) of the arguments. For example, if the range A1:A20 contains numbers, the formula =AVERAGE(A1:A20) returns the average of those numbers.

## Syntax of AVERAGE function

AVERAGE(number1, [number2], …)

The AVERAGE function syntax has the following arguments:

• Number1    Required. The first number, cell reference, or range for which you want the average.
• Number2, …    Optional. Additional numbers, cell references or ranges for which you want the average, up to a maximum of 255.

## AVERAGE formula explanation

• Arguments can either be numbers or names, ranges, or cell references that contain numbers.
• Logical values and text representations of numbers that you type directly into the list of arguments are counted.
• If a range or cell reference argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells, those values are ignored; however, cells with the value zero are included.
• Arguments that are error values or text that cannot be translated into numbers cause errors.
• If you want to include logical values and text representations of numbers in a reference as part of the calculation, use the AVERAGEA function.
• If you want to calculate the average of only the values that meet certain criteria, use the AVERAGEIFfunction or the AVERAGEIFS function.
• Average, which is the arithmetic mean, and is calculated by adding a group of numbers and then dividing by the count of those numbers. For example, the average of 2, 3, 3, 5, 7, and 10 is 30 divided by 6, which is 5.
• Median, which is the middle number of a group of numbers; that is, half the numbers have values that are greater than the median, and half the numbers have values that are less than the median. For example, the median of 2, 3, 3, 5, 7, and 10 is 4.
• Mode, which is the most frequently occurring number in a group of numbers. For example, the mode of 2, 3, 3, 5, 7, and 10 is 3.
Also See:   Calculate Weighted Average in Excel

For a symmetrical distribution of a group of numbers, these three measures of central tendency are all the same. For a skewed distribution of a group of numbers, they can be different.

Tip: When you average cells, keep in mind the difference between empty cells and those containing the value zero, especially if you have cleared the Show a zero in cells that have a zero value check box in the Excel Options dialog box in the Excel desktop application. When this option is selected, empty cells are not counted, but zero values are.

Also See:   3D sum multiple worksheets in Excel

To locate the Show a zero in cells that have a zero value check box:

• On the File tab, click Options, and then, in the Advanced category, look under Display options for this worksheet.

## Example of AVERAGE function

Steps to follow:

1. Open a new Excel worksheet.

2. Copy data in the following table below and paste it in cell A1

Note: For formulas to show results, select them, press F2 key on your keyboard and then press Enter.

You can adjust the column widths to see all the data, if need be.

 Data 10 15 32 7 9 27 2 Formula Description Result =AVERAGE(A2:A6) Average of the numbers in cells A2 through A6. 11 =AVERAGE(A2:A6, 5) Average of the numbers in cells A2 through A6 and the number 5. 10 =AVERAGE(A2:C2) Average of the numbers in cells A2 through C2. 19